CANNABINOIDS - A class of diverse chemical compounds that are active in the marijuana plant. There are at least 85 different known cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, all exhibiting varied effects on the body.
THC - tetrahydrocannabidinol- one of most abundant cannabinoids in marijuana, THC is responsible for its psychoactive, "high" effects. Fun Fact: higher percentages of THC in bud, (24%-30%), make for a quicker onset, "higher" high. Lower percentages, (13%-23%) might take longer to take effect but will eventually get you there and often last a little longer.
CBD - Cannabidiol-an abundant cannabinoid of marijuana, CBD has wider scope of potential medical applications over THC. CBD is effective in treating neuropathic pain caused by MS, Diabetes, Lupus, cancer and other injuries. It is used also to combat anxiety, seizures, sleeplessness and nausea. High CBD items we carry include Spot dark and milk chocolate squares and Fairwinds CBD Tinctures.
BLUNT - A blunt is a hollowed out cigar that’s been refilled with ganja. Although blunt wrappers can come in a wide variety of sizes and flavors, the recommended method is to remove tobacco from a proper cigar and refill it with ground bud. The benefit of using actual cigar papers is that they burn for a long time, sometimes a half an hour or more; great for a party or to pass around with the gang. Keep in mind that blunt wrappers and cigar papers contain tobacco so if you’re especially sensitive to nicotine, you may want to stick with a joint.
JOINT - A joint is a marijuana cigarette rolled using non-tobacco papers. Also called a doobie, roach or bone, a joint can be rolled using rice papers, hemp papers or, if you’re feeling especially fancy, we carry 24 carat gold papers. If you’re new to rolling we have a simple joint roller from Zig-Zag to help get you started or, next time you get burnt by the nub of your joint, consider a roach clip to save those fingers.
SPLIFF - Commonly misused to refer to a joint, a spliff is actually a mix of both tobacco and bud in cigar or non-tobacco papers. Though exactly the opposite in Europe, a spliff there is a marijuana cigarette while a joint is the combo of tobacco and ganja. Everywhere it seems agreed upon though: a spliff and a joint are not the same thing.
CANNABIS CONCENTRATES - The term concentrate refers to any wax or shatter that you vaporize or smoke or any tincture you used sublingually under the tongue. A concentrate is considered any cannabis product procured using an extraction process such as butane, CO2 or alcohol.
HASH - Hash is probably the oldest marijuana concentrate around and is made from the collected and compressed resin or kief from the leaves and flowers. More potent than smoking bud, hash offers an elevated experience for any and all smokers. Higher Leaf carries a traditional Lebanese Gold Hash in .5 gram and 1 gram containers.
BHO (Butane Hash Oil) - or BHO, is the oil extracted from marijuana when butane is used as the solvent. BHO is made by putting the plant material in some type of holding container and pushing butane through it without loosing plant material and while still allowing the butane to escape and eventually, evaporate. The plant material it stripped of it cannabinoids and terpenes by the butane and when done correctly, maintains their profiles nicely. Examples of BHOs on our menu include Phat Panda shatter and Blue Sky Growers wax.
CO2 EXTRACTION - CO2 extraction is a type of supercritical fluid extraction used to maximize the cannabinoids and terpenes of the marijuana plant while still maintaining their delicate structure. A supercritical fluid behaves both like a gas and like a liquid-diffusing through solids like a gas but dissolving compounds like a liquid. The supercritical CO2 goes through a series of extraction vessels at specific pressures and temperatures, flooding the ground plant material and extracting those clean cannabinoid profiles. It is then separated and filtered from the plant material and, after the extraction is complete, a drop in pressure allows the excess CO2 to evaporate, leaving the cannabis oil behind. The benefit of CO2 extraction is that it is naturally occurring and leaves behind no residues. Examples of CO2 concentrates on our menu include Avitas and Honu Cartridges. Other examples of CO2 extractions in the food industry include the extraction of flavor oils from hops in the brewing industry and extraction of caffeine from coffee beans. Fun Fact: Most concentrates are made using shake, trim and undesirable buds that aren't fit to smoke.
TINCTURES - A tincture is a liquid concentrate, typically procured through alcohol extraction, which strips the plant of its beneficial cannabinoids. Usually carried in a coconut oil or glycerin, tinctures are available in a variety of flavors and dosages and are a great alternative for those not interested in smoking. We carry Fairwinds THC and CBD tinctures, as well as mood elevating and sleep inducing tinctures from Ethos.
LIVE RESIN - Live resin uses fresh, frozen cannabis flowers cut from the grow before they’ve been dried or cured, and then processed within hours of harvest. What’s so great about that? The answer is, terpenes. Remember those? Terpenes give each individual strain its specific flavor and aroma profile. You prefer skunky, piney, citrus, earthy or floral smelling buds? You can thank terpenes for giving you the variety of choices. More and more we are finding that not only does each terpene have it’s own flavor and aroma profile, we’re finding that they also have different effects within the body. That being said, live resin manages to maintain a really beautiful terpene profile because it’s capturing the terpenes of a live plant as opposed to that of the dried and cured flowers used in most BHO concentrates. Terpenes are incredibly temperamental, especially the lighter, aromatic ones, and can disintegrate in the drying and curing process. Live resin is a wonderful and tasty way to capture the layered flavors of the cannabis flower without losing much in the process. Though slightly more challenging to work with, live resin is another fun new thing to try on a laundry list of awesome new products. Interested? Try Dab Lab's Live Resin today!
ROSIN - Rosin is a solventless concentrate that’s made from heating and compressing the flowers, kief or hash from the cannabis plant. Relatively simple to make at home, requiring only some parchment paper and a hair straightener, this high potency concentrate is becoming popular because of the distinct lack of additives like butane or alcohol.
TERPENE - Terpenes are the pungent, oily compounds found in the marijuana plant. Secreted from the plant's trichomes, terpenes give cannabis varieties their distinctive flavors and aromas like citrus, berry, skunk or pine. Evolved at first as an adaption to repel predators and lure pollinators, we are finding that each individual terpene has different effects within the body.
TRICHOMES - Trichomes are the small and sometimes nearly microscopic resinous glands, stalks and hairs that cover the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. Believed to have evolved as a way to protect the plant from insects and animals, trichomes are now also thought to inhibit the growth of some fungi as well as provide protection from high winds and low humidity. Trichomes are where terpenes and cannabinoids (THC and CBD), are created and secreted. Fun Fact: the next time you're dusting your bowl with a little kief, keep in mind that you're really toking on the decapitated heads of trichomes.
MYRCENE - Thought to be one of the most abundant terpenes in cannabis, myrcene is found not only in marijuana but in other plants like wild thyme, sweet basil, mango and hops. It is known to be anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory, it lessens the effects of diabetes, induces sleep and reduces anxiety. Fun Fact: eating a fresh mango 45 minutes before smoking will increase the effects of the cannabis. Eat up, fruit lovers!
LIMONENE - Another prevalent terpene found not only in cannabis but in the peels of citrus fruits and cardamom, limonene, (named for its lemon scent and taste), is anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-carcinogenic,(cancer fighting). Limonene is also recommended as a mood elevator and anxiety reducer. Strains that typically have high limonene levels include Super Lemon Haze, Jack Herer and Berry White.
PINENE - Another terpene found in marijuana as well as in orange peels, pine needles, rosemary, dill, and parsley, pinene derived its name from its woodsy, piney aroma. Pinene is memory enhancing, promotes alertness, is anti-inflammatory, and used for people suffering from respiratory ailments like asthma or bronchitis. Strains with typically high levels of pinene include, Dutch Treat, Romulan and Blue Dream. Fun Fact: pinene is the most common terpene in the plant world.